80 After such a file is created, typical operation is to present it as a slide show using a portable computer, where the presentation file is stored on the computer or available from a network, and the computer's screen shows a "presenter view" with current. 81 Video is sent from the computer to one or more external digital projectors or monitors, showing only the current slide to the audience, with sequencing controlled by the speaker at the computer. A smartphone remote control built in to powerPoint for ios (optionally controlled from Apple watch) 82 and for Android 83 allows the presenter to control the show from elsewhere in the room. In addition to a computer slide show projected to a live audience by a speaker, powerPoint can be used to deliver a presentation in a number of other ways: Displayed on the screen of the presentation computer or tablet (for a very small group). In practice, however, presentations are not always delivered in this mode. In our studies, we often found that the presenter sat at a table with a small group of people and walked them through a "deck composed of paper copies of the slides. In some cases, decks were simply distributed to individuals, without even a walk-through or discussion. Other variations in form included sending the powerPoint file electronically to another site and talking through the slides over an audio or video channel (e.g., telephone or video conference) as both parties viewed the slides.
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73 Since the late 1990s, powerPoint's market share of total world presentation modern software has been estimated at 95 percent by both industry and academic sources. 74 Operation edit The earliest version of PowerPoint (1987 for Macintosh) could be used to print black and white pages to be photocopied onto sheets of transparent film for projection from overhead projectors, and to print speaker's notes and audience handouts; the next version (1988. PowerPoint was used for planning and preparing a presentation, but not for delivering it (apart from previewing it on a computer screen, or distributing printed paper copies). 75 The operation of PowerPoint changed substantially in its third version (1992 for Windows and Macintosh when PowerPoint was extended to also deliver a presentation by producing direct video output to digital projectors or large monitors. 75 In 1992 video projection of presentations was rare and expensive, and practically unknown from a laptop computer. Robert Gaskins, one of the creators of PowerPoint, says he publicly demonstrated that use for the first time at a large microsoft meeting held in Paris on February 25, 1992, by using an unreleased development build of PowerPoint.0 running on an early pre-production sample. 76 (pp373375) by about 2003, ten years later, digital projection had become the dominant mode of use, replacing transparencies and 35mm slides and their projectors. 76 (pp410414) 77 As a result, the meaning of "PowerPoint presentation" narrowed to mean specifically digital projection:. In the business lexicon, "PowerPoint presentation" had come to refer to a presentation made using a powerPoint slideshow projected from a computer. Although the powerPoint software had been used to generate transparencies for over a decade, this usage was not typically encompassed by common understanding of the term. In contemporary operation, powerPoint is used to create a file (called a "presentation" or "deck" 79 ) containing a sequence of pages (called "slides" in the app) which usually have a consistent style (from template masters and which may contain information imported from other apps.
The market leaders on ms-dos in were harvard Graphics (introduced by software publishing in 1986 66 ) in first place, and Lotus Freelance Plus (also introduced in 1986 67 ) as a strong second. 68 They were competing with more than a dozen other ms-dos presentation products, 69 and Microsoft did not develop a powerPoint version for ms-dos. 70 After three years, powerPoint sales were disappointing. Jeff raikes, who had bought PowerPoint for Microsoft, later recalled: "By 1990, it looked like it wasn't a very smart idea for Microsoft to have acquired PowerPoint, because not very many people were using PowerPoint." 35 This began to change when the first version for. 63 (p403) PowerPoint sold about 1 million copies in 1992, type of which about 80 percent were for Windows and about 20 percent for Macintosh, 63 (p403) and in 1992 PowerPoint's market share of worldwide presentation graphics software sales was reported as 63 percent. 63 (p404) by the last six months of 1992, powerPoint revenue was running at a rate of over 100 million annually (215 million in present-day terms 42 ). 63 (p405) 71 Sales of PowerPoint.0 doubled to about 2 million copies in 1993, of which about 90 percent were for Windows and about 10 percent for Macintosh, 63 (p403) and in 1993 PowerPoint's market share of worldwide presentation graphics software sales was reported. 63 (p404) In both years, about half of total revenue came from sales outside the. 63 (p404) by 1997 PowerPoint sales had doubled again, to more than 4 million copies annually, representing 85 percent of the world market., an internal publication from the powerPoint group said that by then over 20 million copies of PowerPoint were in use, and that total revenues.
Succeeding versions of PowerPoint introduced important changes, particularly version.0 (2007) which had a very different shared Office " ribbon " user interface, and a new shared Office xml-based file format. 58 This marked the 20th anniversary of PowerPoint, and Microsoft held an event to commemorate that anniversary at its Silicon Valley campus for the powerPoint team there. Special guests were robert Gaskins, dennis Austin, and Thomas Rudkin, and the featured speaker was Jeff raikes, all from PowerPoint.0 days, 20 years before. 59 Since then major development of PowerPoint as part of Office has continued. New development techniques (shared across Office) for PowerPoint 2016 have made it possible to ship business versions of PowerPoint 2016 for Windows, mac, ios, android, and web access nearly simultaneously, citation needed and to release new features on an almost monthly schedule. 60 PowerPoint development is still carried out in Silicon Valley as of 2017. 61 In 2010, jeff raikes, who had most recently been President of the business division of Microsoft (including responsibility for Office 62 observed: "of course, today we know that PowerPoint is often times the number two—or in some cases even the number one—most-used tool" among. 35 Sales and market share edit business powerPoint's initial sales were about 40,000 copies sold in 1987 (nine months about 85,000 copies in 1988, and about 100,000 copies in 1989, all for Macintosh. 63 PowerPoint's market share in its first three years was a tiny part of the total presentation market, which was very heavily dominated by ms-dos applications on PCs.
Please assume that we stay ahead in integrating our family together in evaluating our future strategies—the product teams will deliver on this. I believe that we should position the "office" as our most important application. The move from bundling separate products to integrated development began with PowerPoint.0, developed in under new management from Redmond. 55 The powerPoint group in Silicon Valley was reorganized from the independent "Graphics Business Unit" (GBU) to become the "Graphics Product Unit" (GPU) for Office, and PowerPoint.0 changed to adopt a converged user interface and other components shared with the other apps in Office. When it was released, the computer press reported on the change approvingly: "PowerPoint.0 has been re-engineered from the ground up to resemble and work with the latest applications in Office: Word.0, Excel.0, and Access.0. The integration is so good, you'll have to look twice to make sure you're running PowerPoint and not Word or Excel." 56 Office integration was further underscored in the following version, powerPoint 95, which was given the version number PowerPoint.0 (skipping.0 and.0). 57 Although PowerPoint by this point had become part of the integrated Microsoft Office product, its development remained in Silicon Valley.
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44 PowerPoint.0 for Macintosh was modified to indicate the new Microsoft ownership and continued to be sold. 44 A statement new PowerPoint.0 for Macintosh, adding color 35mm slides, appeared by mid-1988, 44 and again received good reviews. 45 The same powerPoint.0 product re-developed for Windows was shipped two years later, in mid-1990, at the same time as Windows.0. 46 Much of the color technology was the fruit of a joint development partnership with Genigraphics, at that time the dominant presentation services company. 47 PowerPoint.0, which was shipped in 1992 for both Windows and Mac, added live video for projectors and monitors, with the result that PowerPoint was thereafter used for delivering presentations as well as for preparing them. This was at first an alternative to overhead transparencies and 35mm slides, but over time would come to replace them. 48 Part of Microsoft Office (since 1993) edit see also: History of Microsoft Office powerPoint had been included in Microsoft Office from the beginning.
PowerPoint.0 for Macintosh was part of the first Office bundle for Macintosh which was offered in mid-1989. 49 When PowerPoint.0 for Windows appeared, a year later, it was part of a similar Office bundle for Windows, which was offered in late 1990. 50 Both of these were bundling promotions, in which the independent applications were packaged together and offered for a lower total price. 49 50 PowerPoint.0 (1992) was again separately specified joy and developed, and was prominently advertised and sold separately from Office. 52 It was, as before, included in Microsoft Office.0, both for Windows and the corresponding version for Macintosh. 53 A plan to integrate the applications themselves more tightly had been indicated as early as February 1991, toward the end of PowerPoint.0 development, in an internal memo by bill Gates: 54 Another important question is what portion of our applications sales over time.
38 On April 28, 1987, a week after shipment, a group of Microsoft's senior executives spent another day at Forethought to hear about initial PowerPoint sales on Macintosh and plans for Windows. 21 (p191) The following day, microsoft sent a letter to dave winer withdrawing its earlier letter of intent to acquire his company, 39 and in mid-may 1987 Microsoft sent a letter of intent to acquire forethought. 40 As requested in that letter of intent, robert Gaskins from Forethought went to redmond for a one-on-one meeting with Bill Gates in early june, 1987, 21 (p197) and by the end of July an agreement was concluded for an acquisition. The new York times reported:. July 30— The microsoft Corporation announced its first significant software acquisition today, paying 14 million.2 million in present-day terms 42 for Forethought Inc. Forethought makes a program called PowerPoint that allows users of Apple macintosh computers to make overhead transparencies or flip charts.
The acquisition of Forethought is the first significant one for Microsoft, which is based in Redmond, wash. Forethought would remain in Sunnyvale, giving Microsoft a silicon Valley presence. The unit will be headed by robert Gaskins, forethought's vice president of product development. Microsoft's president Jon Shirley offered Microsoft's motivation for the acquisition: we made this deal primarily because of our belief in desktop presentations as a product category. Forethought was first to market with a product in this category. microsoft set up within its Applications division an independent "Graphics Business Unit" to develop and market PowerPoint, the first Microsoft application group distant from the main Redmond location. All the powerPoint people from Forethought joined Microsoft, and the new location was headed by robert Gaskins, with Dennis Austin and Thomas Rudkin leading development.
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37 During this preparatory activity raikes discovered plan that a program specifically to make overhead presentations was already being developed by forethought, Inc., and that it was nearly completed. 35 raikes and others visited Forethought on February 6, 1987, for a confidential demonstration. 21 (p173) raikes later recounted his reaction to seeing PowerPoint and his report about it to bill Gates, who was initially skeptical: 35 I thought, "software to do overheads—that's a great idea." I came back to see bill. I said, "Bill, i think we really ought to do this and Bill said, "no, no, no, no, no, that's just a feature of Microsoft Word, just put it into word.". And i kept saying, "Bill, no, it's not just a feature of Microsoft Word, it's a whole genre of how people do these presentations." And, to his credit, he listened to me and ultimately allowed me to go forward and. Buy this company in Silicon Valley called Forethought, for the product known as PowerPoint. When PowerPoint was released by forethought, its initial press was favorable; the wall Street journal reported on early reactions: i see about one product a year I get this excited summary about says Amy wohl, a consultant in Bala cynwyd,. 'people will buy a macintosh just to get access to this product.
21 (p149) Gaskins prepared two final product specification marketing documents in June 1986; these described a product for both Macintosh and Windows. 28 29 At about the same time, austin, rudkin, and Gaskins produced a second and final major design specification document, this time yellow showing a macintosh look. 30 Throughout this development period the product was called "Presenter." Then, just before release, there was a last-minute check with Forethought's lawyers to register the name as a trademark, and "Presenter" was unexpectedly rejected because it had already been used by someone else. Gaskins says that he thought of "PowerPoint based on the product's goal of "empowering" individual presenters, and sent that name to the lawyers for clearance, while all the documentation was hastily revised. 31 Funding to complete development of PowerPoint was assured in mid-January, 1987, when a new Apple computer venture capital fund, called Apple's Strategic Investment Group, 32 selected PowerPoint to be its first investment. 21 (pp169171) A month later, on February 22, 1987, forethought announced PowerPoint at the personal Computer Forum in Phoenix; John Sculley, the ceo of Apple, appeared at the announcement and said "We see desktop presentation as potentially a bigger market for Apple than desktop publishing.". 34 Acquisition by microsoft (19871992) edit by early 1987, microsoft was starting to plan a new application to create presentations, an activity led by jeff raikes, who was head of marketing for the Applications division. 35 Microsoft assigned an internal group to write a specification and plan for a new presentation product. 36 They contemplated an acquisition to speed up development, and in early 1987 Microsoft sent a letter of intent to acquire dave winer 's product called more, an outlining program that could print its outlines as bullet charts.
Creation at Forethought (19841987) edit powerPoint was created by robert Gaskins and Dennis Austin at a software startup in Silicon Valley named Forethought, Inc. 19 Forethought had been founded in 1983 to create an integrated environment and applications for future personal computers that would provide a graphical user interface, but it had run into difficulties requiring a "restart" and new plan. 20 On July 5, 1984, forethought hired Robert Gaskins as its vice president of product development 21 (p51) to create a new application that would be especially suited to the new graphical personal computers, such as Microsoft Windows and Apple macintosh. 22 Gaskins produced his initial description of PowerPoint about a month later (August 14, 1984) in the form of a 2-page document titled "Presentation Graphics for overhead Projection." 23 by october 1984 Gaskins had selected Dennis Austin to be the developer for PowerPoint. 24 Gaskins and Austin worked together on the definition and design of the new product for nearly a year, and produced the first specification document dated August 21, 1985. 25 This first design document showed a product as it would look in Microsoft Windows.0, 26 which at that time had not been released. 27 development from that spec was begun by austin in november 1985, for Macintosh first. 21 (p104) About six months later, on may 1, 1986, gaskins and Austin chose a second developer to join the project, Thomas Rudkin.
It offers users many ways to display information from simple presentations to complex multimedia presentations. PowerPoint became a component of the microsoft Office suite, first offered in 1989 for Macintosh for Windows, 9 which bundled several Microsoft apps. Beginning with PowerPoint.0 (1994 powerPoint was integrated into microsoft Office development, and adopted shared common components and a converged user interface. PowerPoint's market write share was very small at first, prior to introducing a version for Microsoft Windows, but grew rapidly with the growth of Windows and of Office. 11 (pp402404) Since the late 1990s, powerPoint's worldwide market share of presentation software has been estimated at 95 percent. PowerPoint was originally designed to provide visuals for group presentations within business organizations, but has come to be very widely used in many other communication situations, both in business and beyond. 13, the impact of this much wider use of PowerPoint has been experienced as a powerful change throughout society, 14 with strong reactions including advice that it should be used less, 15 should be used differently, 16 or should be used better. 17, the first PowerPoint version (Macintosh 1987) was used to produce overhead transparencies, 18 the second (Macintosh 1988, windows 1990) could also produce color 35mm slides. 18, the third version (Windows and Macintosh 1992) introduced video output of virtual slideshows to digital projectors, which would over time completely replace physical transparencies and slides.
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"Power point" redirects here. For other uses, see. Microsoft PowerPoint (or simply, powerPoint ) is a presentation program, 4 created by robert Gaskins and Dennis Austin 4 at a software company named Forethought, Inc. 4, it was released on April 20, 1987, 5 initially for Macintosh computers only. 4, microsoft acquired PowerPoint for 14 million three months after it appeared. 6, this was Microsoft's first significant acquisition, 7 and Microsoft set up a new business unit for PowerPoint in Silicon Valley book where forethought had been located. 7, microsoft PowerPoint is one of many programs run by the company microsoft and can be identified by its trademark orange, and p initial on the logo.