However, sleep plays a major role in neuroendocrine function and glucose metabolism. Evidence that the curtailment of sleep duration may have adverse health effects has emerged in the past 10 years. Accumulating evidence from both epidemiologic studies and well-controlled laboratory studies indicates that chronic partial sleep loss may increase the risk of obesity and weight gain. The present chapter reviews epidemiologic studies in adults and children and laboratory studies in young adults indicating that sleep restriction results in metabolic and endocrine alterations, including decreased glucose tolerance, decreased insulin sensitivity, increased evening concentrations of cortisol, increased levels of ghrelin, decreased levels. Altogether, the evidence points to a possible role of decreased sleep duration in the current epidemic of obesity. Bedtime extension in short sleepers should be explored as a novel behavioral intervention that may prevent weight gain or facilitate weight loss. Avoiding sleep deprivation may help to prevent the development of obesity, particularly in children. Aoameaxs, direct Lenders ( 04:55:14) loan consolidation companies a href"m" instant loans online /a payday loans instant approval urlmloans instant approval/url actmtmlo, pay day loans ( 03:33:46) loan no credit check a href"m" loans online no credit check /a loans with no credit check urlmquick.
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What other drugs will affect Sonata? Taking Sonata with other drugs that make you sleepy or slow your dissertation breathing can cause dangerous or life-threatening side effects. Ask your doctor before taking a sleeping pill, narcotic pain medicine, prescription cough medicine, a muscle relaxer, or medicine for anxiety, depression, or seizures. Other drugs may interact with zaleplon, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Tell each of your health care providers about all medicines you use now and any medicine you start or stop using. Further information Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use sonata only for the indication prescribed. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. Copyright Cerner Multum, lpn Inc. Medical Disclaimer Next side Effects Add to my med List More about Sonata (zaleplon) Consumer resources Professional resources Related treatment guides. Compared to a few decades ago, adults, as well as children, sleep less. Sleeping as little as possible is often seen as an admirable behavior in contemporary society.
Common Sonata side effects may include: problems with memory or coordination; drowsiness, dizziness; numbness or tingling; headache; upset stomach, constipation; dry mouth; back pain, chest pain; joint or muscle pain; or mild itching or rash. This is not a thesis complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to fda at 1-800-fda-1088. See also: Side effects (in more detail) Sonata dosing information Usual Adult Dose for Insomnia: 5 to 20 mg orally immediately before bedtime or after the patient has gone to bed and has experienced difficulty falling asleep. Doses above 20 mg have not been adequately evaluated and are not recommended. Usual Geriatric Dose for Insomnia: Elderly patients and debilitated patients appear to be more sensitive to the effects of hypnotics, and respond to 5 mg of zaleplon. Doses over 10 mg are not recommended.
What should i avoid? Dangerous side effects could occur. Do not take other medicines that make you sleepy (such as cold medicine, pain medication, muscle relaxants, and medicine for depression or anxiety). Avoid taking Sonata during travel, such as to sleep on an airplane. You may be awakened before the effects of the medication have worn off. Amnesia (forgetfulness) is more common if you do not get at least 4 hours of sleep after taking a dose. Sonata side effects Sonata may cause a severe allergic reaction. Get emergency medical help if you have any signs of an allergic reaction : paper hives; difficult breathing; nausea and vomiting; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. Stop using Sonata and call your doctor at once if you have: aggression, agitation, changes in behavior; anxiety, nervous feeling, depression, confusion, hallucinations; bronchospasm (wheezing, chest tightness, trouble breathing thoughts of hurting yourself; or a light-headed feeling, like you might pass out.
Keep track of the amount of medicine used from each new bottle. Zaleplon is a drug of abuse and you should be aware if anyone is using your medicine improperly or without a prescription. See also: Dosage Information (in more detail what happens if I miss a dose? Since sonata is usually taken as needed, you may not be on a dosing schedule. Never take this medication if you do not have at least 4 hours to sleep before being active again. Do not take extra medicine to make up a missed dose. What happens if i overdose? Seek emergency medical attention or call the poison Help line. Overdose symptoms may include severe drowsiness, confusion, loss of coordination, limp muscles, weak or shallow breathing, fainting.
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Avoid taking Sonata within 1 hour after eating a high-fat or heavy meal. This will make it harder for your body to absorb the medication. Sonata is for short-term use only. Do not take it for longer than 2 weeks without your doctor's advice. Call your doctor if your insomnia symptoms do not improve, or if they get worse after using Sonata for 7 to 10 nights in a row.
Sonata may be habit-forming, even at regular doses. Never share this medicine with another person, especially someone with a history of drug abuse or addiction. Selling or giving away sonata binders to any other person is against the law. Do not stop history using zaleplon suddenly after taking it over several days in a row, or you could have unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. Follow your doctor's instructions about tapering your dose. Store at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light.
Selling or giving away sonata is against the law. Before taking this medicine, you should not use sonata if you are allergic to zaleplon. To make sure zaleplon is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have: liver or kidney disease; sleep apnea (breathing stops while you are asleep lung disease (asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, copd) or other breathing problems; a history of depression, mental illness, or suicidal thoughts;. It is not known whether zaleplon will harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while using this medication. It is not known whether zaleplon passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby.
You should not breast-feed while using this medicine. The sedative effects of Sonata may be stronger in older adults. Dizziness or severe drowsiness can cause falls or other accidents. How should I take sonata? Take sonata exactly as it was prescribed for you. Follow all directions on your prescription label. Do not take this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. If this happens, stop taking Sonata and talk with your doctor about another treatment for your sleep disorder. Do not take sonata during your normal waking hours, unless you have at least 4 hours to dedicate to sleeping.
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This medicine should never be shared with another person, especially someone who has a history of drug abuse or addiction. Keep the medication in a secure place where others cannot get. You may have withdrawal symptoms if you stop taking this father's medication after taking it over several days in a row. Do not stop taking Sonata suddenly without first talking to your doctor. You may need to use less and less before you stop the medication completely. To make sure this medicine is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have ever been addicted to drugs or alcohol. Sonata may be habit-forming. Keep the medication in a place where others cannot get. Misuse of this medication can cause addiction or overdose, especially in a child or other person using the medicine without a prescription.
If this happens to you, stop taking this medication and talk with your doctor about another treatment for your sleep disorder. Sonata can cause side effects that may impair your thinking or reactions. You may still feel sleepy the morning after taking the medication. Until you know how this medication will affect you during waking hours, be careful if you drive, operate machinery, pilot an airplane, reviews or do anything that requires you to be awake and alert. Do not drink alcohol while you are taking this medication. It can increase some of the side effects of zaleplon, including drowsiness. Sonata may be habit-forming and should be used only by the person it was prescribed for.
purposes not listed in this medication guide. Sonata may cause a severe allergic reaction. Stop taking Sonata and get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. Sonata will make you fall asleep. Never take this medication during your normal waking hours, unless you have at least 4 hours to dedicate to sleeping. Some people using this medicine have engaged in activity such as driving, eating, or making phone calls and later having no memory of the activity.
Do not consider Webmd user-generated content as medical literature advice. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified healthcare provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your care plan or treatment. Webmd understands that reading individual, real-life experiences can be a helpful resource but it is never a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment from a qualified health care provider. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your doctor or dial 911 immediately. Generic Name: zaleplon (zah le plon brand Names: Sonata, medically reviewed on September 19, 2016, what is Sonata? Sonata (zaleplon) is a sedative, also called a hypnotic.
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