In winter, they come down into the forests to altitudes around 1,200 to 2,000 m (3,900 to 6,600 ft). Snow leopards prefer rocky, broken terrain, and can travel without difficulty in snow up to 85 cm (33 in) deep, although they prefer to use existing trails made by other animals. 8 Taxonomy and evolution edit Closeup of a male The snow leopard was first described by Schreber in 1775 on the basis of an illustration. Schreber named the cat Felis uncia and assumed that it ranges in Barbary, persia, east India, and China. 17 In 1854, Gray proposed the genus Uncia, to which he subordinated the snow leopard under the name Uncia irbis. 18 Pocock corroborated this classification, but attributed the scientific name Uncia uncia. He also described morphological differences between snow leopards and the then-accepted members of Panthera. 19 Based on genotyping studies, the snow leopard has been considered a member of the genus Panthera since 2008.
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According to the American Heritage dictionary, the origin of the word panthera is unknown. A folk etymology derives the word from the Greek πάν pan all and thēr (beast of prey) because they can hunt and kill almost anything. It was proposed guru to have come ultimately into Greek from a sanskrit word meaning "the yellowish animal" or "whitish-yellow". The Greek word πάνθηρ, pánthēr, referred to all spotted Felidae generically. Distribution and habitat edit Snow leopard in its habitat The snow leopard is distributed from the west of lake baikal through southern Siberia, in the kunlun mountains, in the russian Altai mountains, sayan and Tannu-Ola mountains, in the tian Shan, across kazakhstan, kyrgyzstan, tajikistan, and. In Mongolia, it is found in the mongolian and Gobi Altai and the Khangai mountains. In Tibet, it is found up to the Altyn-Tagh in the north. 3 16 Potential snow leopard habitat in the Indian Himalayas is estimated at essay less than 90,000 km2 (35,000 sq mi) in the states of Jammu and Kashmir, uttarakhand, himachal Pradesh, sikkim, and Arunachal Pradesh, of which about 34,000 km2 (13,000 sq mi) is considered good habitat, and.4 is protected. In the beginning of the 1990s, the Indian snow leopard population was estimated at roughly 200-600 individuals living across about 25 protected areas. 3 In summer, snow leopards usually live above the tree line on mountainous meadows and in rocky regions at altitudes from 2,700 to 6,000 m (8,900 to 19,700 ft).
This partial ossification was previously thought to be essential for allowing the big cats to roar, but new studies show the ability to roar is due to other morphological features, especially of the larynx, which are absent in the snow leopard. 12 13 Snow leopard vocalizations include hisses, chuffing, mews, growls, and remote wailing. Snow leopards were only reclassified as a member of the panthera genus (big cats) following a genetic study by Mr Brian davis, Dr Gang li and Professor William Murphy in 2009. This study showed that snow leopards actually evolved alongside tigers and not leopards as previously thought. Naming and etymology edit both the latinised genus name, uncia, and the occasional English name "ounce" are derived from the Old French once, originally used for the european lynx. " Once " itself is believed to have arisen by back-formation from an earlier word " lonce " the "l" of " lonce " was construed as an abbreviated " la " the leaving " once " to be perceived as the animal's name. This, like the English version "ounce became used for other lynx-sized cats, and eventually for the snow leopard.
Unusually among cats, their eyes are pale green or grey in color. 8 9 Snow leopards show several adaptations for living in a cold, mountainous environment. Their bodies are stocky, their fur is thick, and roles their ears are small and rounded, all of which help to minimize heat loss. Their paws are wide, which distributes their weight better for walking on snow, and have fur on their undersides to increase their grip on steep and unstable surfaces; it also helps to minimize heat loss. Snow leopards' tails are long and flexible, helping them to maintain their balance, which is very important in the rocky terrain they inhabit. Their tails are also very thick due to storage of fat and are very thickly covered with fur which allows them to be used like a blanket to protect their faces when asleep. 9 11 The snow leopard has a short muzzle and domed forehead, containing unusually large nasal cavities that help the animal breathe the thin, cold air of their mountainous environment. 8 The snow leopard cannot database roar, despite possessing partial ossification of the hyoid bone.
1 4, two subspecies have been attributed, but genetic differences between the two have not been settled. 1, the snow leopard is the, national Heritage Animal of pakistan. Contents, description edit, snow leopards are slightly smaller than the other big cats but, like them, exhibit a range of sizes, generally weighing between 27 and 55 kg (60 and 121 lb with an occasional large male reaching 75 kg (165 lb) and small female of under 25 kg (55 lb). 6 7 They have a relatively short body, measuring in length from the head to the base of the tail 75 to 130 cm (30 to 50 in). However, the tail is quite long, at 80 to 100 cm (31 to 39 in with only the domestic-cat -sized marbled cat being relatively longer-tailed. 8 9 They are stocky and short-legged big cats, standing about 60 cm (24 in) at the shoulder. 10 Snow leopards have long, thick fur, and their base color varies from smoky gray to yellowish tan, with whitish underparts. They have dark grey to black open rosettes on their bodies, with small spots of the same color on their heads and larger spots on their legs and tails.
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For other uses, see. The snow leopard panthera uncia syn. Uncia uncia ) is a large cat native to the mountain ranges. Central and, south Asia. It is listed as endangered on the, iucn red List of Threatened Species because as of 2003, the size of the global population was estimated at 4,080-6,590 adults, of which fewer than 2,500 individuals may reproduce in the wild.
1, snow leopards inhabit alpine and subalpine zones at elevations from 3,000 to 4,500 m (9,800 to 14,800 ft). In the northern range countries, they also occur at lower elevations. 3, taxonomically, the snow leopard was classified. Uncia uncia since the early 1930s. 2, based on genotyping studies, the cat has been considered a member goals of the genus, panthera since 2008.
Thats a far cry from Apples usual price on os x updates—it costs 129 to purchase leopard, for example. If youre still running Tiger on an Intel-based Mac, Apple is offering a mac Box Set which will include Snow leopard, ilife 09 and and iwork. The mac Box Set costs 169, with a family pack available for 229. We want all users to upgrade to Snow leopard, because Snow leopard is a better leopard, said Serlet of os.6s price. Updated at 2:02. Pt with more information on Snow leopards refinements and technologies. To comment on this article and other Macworld content, visit our. Facebook page or our, twitter feed. This article is about the cat.
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As for refinements in Snow leopard, serlet says that Mac os x features more apple than 1,000 projects—this update refines 90 percent of them. Changes include a more responsive finder thats been rewritten in Cocoa, faster-loading mail, and faster initial backups in Time machine. The dock in Snow leopard will feature Exposé integration. If you click and hold on an application icon, youll see all the windows for that program. A revamped quickTime—now called quickTime x—features remote playback controls superimposed on video that fade away when you move the mouse. QuickTime x also features the ability to trim and share clips to, mobileme, or itunes for exporting onto an iPhone. Snow leopard will ship with the just-released.
As Apple indicated a year ago when it first confirmed Snow leopard plans at the 2008 wwdc, the company is looking to improve the performance and increase the power of its operating system with the os.6 update. Whats new in Snow leopard, during Mondays keynote, apple senior vice president of software engineering Bertrand Serlet said the next major version of os x would be characterized by powerful new technologies, refinements to existing features, and support for Microsoft Exchange. Technologies include 64-bit computing. Nearly every system application—including the finder, mail, safari, ical, and iChat—are built with 64-bit code so that they for can take full advantage of all the memory in a mac for an overall performance boost. Certain process run twice as fast in 64-bit mode versus 32-bit, serlet said. Snow leopard also features Grand Central Dispatch, a way for software to take advantage of multicore processors. Apple will integrate Grand Central Dispatch throughout os.6, which will make for a more responsive system, according to the company. Finally, snow leopard features Opencl, an open standard that lets developers tap into the graphics processing unit for more than just games and 3-D modeling. With more developers using Opencl in their applications, Apple says, end users will notice improved speed.
work on Intel-based Macs, leaving the owners of aging PowerPC-based hardware without the ability to upgrade. The move to an Intel-only os update seemingly signals the end of the powerpc era. Apple announced it was moving to Intel-supplied processors at the 2005 developer conference and while macs released since 2006 have featured Intel chips, mac os x continued to support both hardware platforms. The os.6 release is unlike most major updates to mac. While the jaguar, panther, tiger, and leopard updates introduced a parade of new features to the operating system, much of the focus with Snow leopard has been behind the scenes.
Less, cast sort by: Default Cast Order Name starmeter Known For. Namestarmeterknown for, keir Dullea, dominic lyall, dominic lyall. Less 4,815, david and Lisa, susan Penhaligon, helen James. Helen James, less business 17,364, a fine romance, kenneth More, sir Philip James. Sir Philip James, less 7,084, the longest day, billie whitelaw. Isabel James, isabel James, less 12,273, the Omen, gordon Thomson. Michael Framley, michael Framley, less 12,421, dynasty, jeremy kemp. Bolt Bolt Less 13,841 Top Secret! Yvonne masters bessie bessie less 2,258,702 leopard in the Snow Peter Burton.
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Your tools, people, titles, companies, news, budget cad.1MM (estimated) summary a beautiful young woman is driving through the English countryside during a terrible snowstorm. She wrecks her car, and is found by a bitter. A beautiful young woman is driving through the English countryside during a terrible snowstorm. She wrecks her car, and is found by a bitter, reclusive former American racecar driver, who was crippled in an accident. He has some secrets of his own that are hidden. The two fall in love with each other, and he first almost blows things with her. He had to learn that sometimes love doesn't come easily, and when it does after a struggle, it is even more precious. Written by marinelle.