Although Johnny has encounters with many women, he remains fixated on Thumper throughout. Thumper's real name is eventually revealed to johnny, but never to the reader. The navidson Record edit will navidson edit will is the central character in The navidson Record subplot of the novel. A stint in the army early in his life leads him to a very successful career as a photographer, primarily in war-torn parts of the world; his role as an impartial documentarist of war affects him deeply. Later in his life, he moves to the eponymous house (located in the southeastern Virginia countryside in an effort to find "a place to drink lemonade and watch the sun set a place to "once and for all stay in and explore the quieter side. However the unnatural events that occur thereafter have a profound effect upon him and his relationship with his partner, karen.
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Lièvre edit pelafina, more commonly referred to as simply "P. is Johnny's institutionalized mother who appears in the appendix to the text. Her story is more fully developed in The Whalestoe letters. Minor characters in Johnny's story edit lude : Johnny Truant's best friend, lude is also the one that informs him of Zampanò's vacant apartment. Lude is a minor character, but some of his characteristics and actions are important in understanding Johnny. Lude assists Johnny many times in obtaining phone numbers of girls when they visit bars, clubs, and restaurants. Several times, johnny mentions that he wishes he hadn't answered Lude's call late at night. Every time johnny and Lude are together they seem to involve themselves in difficult situations. He is killed in a motorcycle accident near the end of the novel. Thumper : A stripper who is a regular client of the tattoo parlour where Truant works.
He stops bathing, rarely eats, stops going to work, and distances himself from essentially everyone, all in pursuit of reviews organizing the book into a finished work that, he hopes, will finally bring him peace. Initially intrigued by zampanòs isolative tendencies and surreal sense of reality, johnny unknowingly sets himself up as a victim to the daunting task that awaits him. As he begins to organize zampanòs manuscripts, his personal footnotes detail the deterioration of his own life with analogous references to alienation and insanity: once a trespasser to zampanò's mad realm, Truant seems to become more comfortable in the environment as the story unfolds. He even has hallucinations that parallel those of Zampanò and members of the house search team when he senses ".something inhuman." behind him ( house of leaves, page 26). Zampanò edit zampanò is the blind author of The navidson Record. Approximately eighty years old at the time of his death, he is recognized by his neighbors as "eccentric" and "crazy." he was known to employ the services of volunteers (exclusively female) from local community centers to come to his apartment and read books to him. While little information is given explicitly about Zampanò's past, blindness, or personality, johnny's introduction does state that Zampanò went blind sometime in the 1950s. Zampanò also suffers from Graphomania. Danielewski made zampanò blind as a reference to blind authors Homer and Jorge luis Borges.
It is unclear, however, if Johnny's statements about the incident—or any of his other statements, for that matter—are factual. The Whalestoe paper letters edit main article: The Whalestoe letters This story is included in an appendix near the end of the book, as well as in its own, self-contained book (with additional content included in the self-contained version). It consists of Johnny's mother's letters to him from a psychiatric hospital. The letters start off fairly normal but Pelafina quickly descends into paranoia and the letters become more and more incoherent. There are also secret messages in the letters which can be decoded by combining the first letters of consecutive words. Characters edit johnny's story edit johnny Truant edit johnny Truant serves a dual role, database as primary editor of Zampanòs academic study of The navidson Record and protagonist as revealed through footnotes and appendices. In the beginning of the book, truant appears to be a normal, reasonably attractive young man who happens upon a trunk full of notes left behind by the now deceased Zampanò. As Truant begins to do the editing, however, he begins to lose the tenuous grip he has on reality, and his life begins to erode around him.
Are the result of drug use, insanity, or the effects of Zampanò's writing itself. Johnny recounts tales of his various sexual encounters, his lust for a tattooed stripper he calls Thumper, and his bar-hopping with Lude throughout various footnotes. The reader also slowly learns more about Johnny's childhood living with an abusive foster father, engaging in violent fights at school, and of the origin of Johnny's mysterious scars ( house of leaves, page 505). More information about Johnny can be gleaned from the Whalestoe letters, letters his mother Pelafina wrote from The Three attic Whalestoe institution. Though Pelafina's letters and Johnny's footnotes contain similar accounts of their past, their memories also differ greatly at times, due to both Pelafina's and Johnny's questionable mental states. Pelafina was placed in the mental institution after supposedly attempting to strangle johnny, only to be stopped by her husband. She remained there after Johnny's father's death. Johnny claims that his mother meant him no harm and claimed to strangle him only to protect him from missing her.
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Navidson, along with his brother Tom and some colleagues, feel compelled to explore, photograph, and videotape the house's seemingly endless series of passages, eventually driving various characters to insanity, murder, and death. Ultimately, will releases what has been recorded and edited as employer The navidson Record. Will and Karen purchased the house because their relationship was becoming strained with Will's work-related absences. While karen was always adamantly against marriage (claiming that she valued her freedom above anything else she always found herself missing and needing Will when he was gone: "And yet even though Karen keeps Chad from overfilling the mold or daisy from cutting herself with. The sound of a passing truck causes her to glance away" ( house of leaves, pages 1112). Zampanò's narrative is littered with all manner of references, some quite obscure, others indicating that the navidsons' story achieved international notoriety. Luminaries such as Stephen King, stanley kubrick, douglas Hofstadter, ken Burns, harold Bloom, camille paglia, hunter Thompson, anne rice, and Jacques Derrida were apparently interviewed as to their opinions about the film.
However, when Truant investigates, he finds no history of the house, no evidence of the events experienced by the navidsons, and nothing else to establish that the house or film ever existed anywhere other than in Zampanò's text. Many of the references in Zampanò's footnotes, however, are real, existing both within his world and our world outside the novel. For example, several times Zampanò cites an actual Time-life book, planet Earth: Underground Worlds ( house of leaves, page 125). Johnny's story edit An adjacent story line develops in Johnny's footnotes, detailing what is progressing in Johnny's life as he is assembling the narrative. It remains unclear if Johnny's obsession with the writings of Zampanò and subsequent delusions, paranoia, etc.
Initially there is less than an inch of difference, but as time passes the interior of the house seems to expand while maintaining the same exterior proportions. A third and more extreme change asserts itself: a dark, cold hallway opens in an exterior living room wall that should project outside into their yard, but does not. Navidson films the outside of the house to show where the hallway should be but clearly is not. The filming of this anomaly comes to be referred to as "The five and a half Minute hallway". This hallway leads to a maze -like complex, starting with a large room (the "Anteroom which in turn leads to a truly enormous space (the "Great Hall a room primarily distinguished by an enormous spiral staircase which appears, when viewed from the landing, to spiral.
There is also a multitude of corridors and rooms leading off from each passage. All of these rooms and hallways are completely unlit and featureless, consisting of smooth ash-gray walls, floors, and ceilings. The only sound disturbing the perfect silence of the hallways is a periodic low growl, the source of which is never fully explained, although an academic source "quot;d" in the book hypothesizes that the growl is created by the frequent re-shaping of the house. There is some discrepancy as to where "The five and a half Minute hallway" appears. It is"d by different characters at different times to have been located in each of the cardinal directions. This first happens when Zampanò writes that the hallway is in the western wall ( house of leaves, page 57 directly contradicting an earlier page where the hallway is mentioned to be in the northern wall ( house of leaves, page 4 johnny's footnotes point.
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Each narrator's text is printed in a distinct font, making it easier for the reader to follow the occasionally challenging format of the novel (Truant in courier New in the footnotes, and the main narrative in Times New Roman in the American version, the unnamed. The navidson Record edit zampanò's narrative deals primarily with the navidson family: Will navidson, a photojournalist (partly based on kevin Carter his partner, karen Green, an attractive former fashion model ; and their two children, Chad and daisy. Navidson's brother, tom, and several other characters also play a role later in the story. The navidson family has recently moved into a new home in Virginia. Upon returning from a trip to seattle, the navidson family discovers a change in their home. A closet-like space shut behind an undecorated door appears inexplicably where previously there was only a blank wall. A second door appears at the end of the closet, leading to the children's room. As navidson investigates this phenomenon, he finds that the internal measurements of the house are book somehow larger than external measurements.
who interact with each other in elaborate and disorienting ways. While some have attempted to describe the book as a horror story, many readers, as well as the author, define the book as a love story. Danielewski expands on this point in an interview: "I had one woman come up to me in a bookstore and say, 'you know, everyone told me it was a horror book, but when I finished it, i realized that it was a love story.' And. In some ways, genre is a marketing tool." 4 house of leaves has also been described as a "satire of academic criticism." 5 Contents Plot summary edit danielewski in 2006 house of leaves begins with a first-person narrative by johnny Truant, a los Angeles tattoo. Truant is searching for a new apartment when his friend Lude tells him about the apartment of the recently deceased Zampanò, a blind, elderly man who lived in Lude's apartment building. In Zampanò's apartment, Truant discovers a manuscript written by zampanò that turns out to be an academic study of a documentary film called The navidson Record, though Truant says he can find no evidence that the film or its subjects ever existed. The rest of the novel incorporates several narratives, including Zampanò's report on the (possibly fictional) film; Truant's autobiographical interjections; a small transcript of part of the film from navidson's brother, tom; a small transcript of interviews of many people regarding The navidson Record by navidson's. There is also another narrator, Truant's mother, whose voice is presented through a self-contained set of letters titled The Whalestoe letters.
Please expand the article to include this information. Further details may exist on the talk page. (August 2015 house of leaves thesis is the debut novel by American author, mark. Danielewski, published in March 2000. A bestseller, it has been translated into a number of languages, and is followed by a companion piece, the Whalestoe letters. The format and structure of, house of leaves is unconventional, with unusual page layout and style, making it a prime example of ergodic literature. 1 2, it contains copious footnotes, many of which contain footnotes themselves, including references to fictional books, films or articles.
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For other uses, see, house of leaves (disambiguation). This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. learn how and when to remove these template messages this article possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. (February 2012 this article is missing information about the reception of the novel.