Many nations stopped trade with south Africa. Sports teams and entertainers refused to go there. Still the government refused to change. In 1962, nelson Mandela was arrested again. He was accused of sabotage and plotting to overthrow the government. In 1964, aged 46, he was given a life sentence.
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In 1956, mandela and 155 other pizzeria people were arrested for treason. After a trial lasting five years, he was set free in 1961. What happened at Sharpeville? In 1960, people held a demonstration against apartheid at Sharpeville, near Johannesburg. The police shot dead 69 black people. The government blamed the anc, and banned. Mandela became leader of a secret army, known as Umkhonto we sizwe or 'Spear of the nation'. He was hunted by the police, and had to hide and use disguises. He travelled to other countries to ask for help. Mandela goes to jail In 1961 south Africa left the commonwealth. Millions of people in other countries supported the anti-apartheid movement.
Mandela makes a stand fuller Mandela and Oliver Tambo set up south Africa's first black law firm. Poor people came to them for help. Mandela led young people in the anc. Many white people, as well as black people, spoke out against apartheid. Mandela admired Gandhi, who had used peaceful protest in India. Perhaps peaceful protest could get rid of apartheid, without fighting? But to speak out was dangerous.
The new system was called 'apartheid'. Back to top Struggle for Freedom What was apartheid? Apartheid (say a-part-hite) forced white and non-white people to live in separate areas. Non-white people meant black people, people from Asia and people of mixed race. A white person and a black person could not marry. Black people and white people could not share a table in a restaurant, or sit together on a bus. Black children and white children went to different schools. Sports teams were all-white or all-black, never mixed.
The government was whites-only. Most black people were poor. They worked as servants. They worked on farms, and in factories and gold mines. What was the anc? In 1944, nelson Mandela joined the African National Congress or anc. The anc wanted black south Africans to have the same human rights as whites. In 1948, the south African government made new laws to keep white people and black people apart.
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Black people spoke bantu languages such as isiNdebele and isiZulu. Britain and south Africa, britain took over the dutch colony in 1815. South Africa became part of the. Gold was found in 1886. With gold and good farmland, the country was rich.
But it was not peaceful. Whites and blacks fought over the land. There were wars between the boers and the British. The boers wanted their own country. How south Africa was ruled, zoot when Mandela was growing up, black people had little say in how south Africa was run.
Nelson left the university in 1939, after student protests about the way it was run. What job did he choose? Mandela's family had chosen a wife for him. But he did not want an arranged marriage. So he left for the city of Johannesburg. He went on with his studies, and became a lawyer in 1942.
Back to top, problems in south Africa. South Africa's history, most south Africans are black. There are also people of European and Asian backgrounds, and people of mixed race. Dutch people set up the first white colony in south Africa in 1652. Later British settlers came. Dutch farmers called themselves 'boers', from a dutch word meaning 'farmers'. They spoke a language called Afrikaans. Most other white settlers spoke english.
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The mandelas database were related to the tembu royal family. When Nelson was 9, his father died. He was looked after by jongintaba dalindyebo, who was regent (acting chief) of the tembu. School and college, nelson went to a mission school, and then to college. He was good at school work. He also enjoyed boxing and running. At Fort Hare University, he studied law. One of his friends there was Oliver Tambo.
As south Africa's President, he was respected for his with courage and wisdom in bringing people together to live in peace. Back to top, the young Mandela. Where was he born? Rolihlahla mandela was born on he was later given the name nelson by a teacher at school. He was born in the Transkei, part of south Africa. The Transkei has mountains, valleys and grasslands called savannas. On a map, you can find it in the southeast (bottom right) corner of south Africa. Growing up, mandela's father Henry was a chief of the tembu people. His mother was Nosekeni fanny.
of south Africa in 1994, and retired in 1999. Nelson Mandela died on 5 December 2013 following a lung illness. Why is he famous? Nelson Mandela became famous for his long fight against bad government and racial prejudice. He became a hero to people all over the world.
During his twenty-seven years in prison, nelson Mandela became a symbol of resistance to the write white-dominated country of south Africa throughout the world. After complex negotiation, mandela was finally released from prison by President. DeKlerk in February, 1990, after lifting the long ban on the anc. Mandela's release from prison marked the beginning of the end of apartheid in south Africa when he once again became the head of the anc. He began the process to from a new constitution in south Africa which would allow political power to the black majority). Why is Nelson Mandela famous? A leader of his people, nelson Mandela was the first black President of south Africa. He spent 27 years in prison for trying to overthrow the pro-apartheid government.
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Nelson Mandela, nelson Rolihlahla mandela is judged to be one of the greatest political leaders of modern times. Among his many accomplishments are the 1993 Nobel peace Prize for his dedication to the fight against racial oppression in south Africa and establishing democracy there and becoming the president of south Africa in 1994 following their first multiracial elections. Nelson was born as the foster son of a thembu chief in Umtata (now the province of Eastern Cape) and raised in a traditional tribal culture within the grips of apartheid, a powerful system of black oppression that existed in south Africa. After years as a poor student and law clerk in Johannesburg, he assumed an important role in the African National Congress (anc a civil rights group. He also helped form the anc youth league in the 1950's. He was accused of treason in 1956 but was acquitted in 1961. From Mandela led the nac's para military wing known as Umkhonto we sizwe which translate to 'spear of the nation.'. He was arrested in August of 1962, with sentenced to five years in prison and while incarcerated was again convicted of sabotage and treason and was sentenced to life imprisonment in june, 1964 at the famous rivonia trial.