Higher and higher Apollo-eight climbed, leaving its ear-shattering sound behind as it reached for orbit on a spear of flame more than 800feet in length, and the mass of spectators could only stare deeply into its flaming thrust, watch it turn into a rich orange. on board Frank borman, jim lovell, and Bill Anders had just pushed through the region of maximum dynamic pressure, their spaceship leaving all sound behind. . It was eerily quiet now. . Had the astronauts not heard the humming of electronics, they might have thought they were in a simulator on the ground. They sure as hell werent. Something was slamming their growing weight back into its seat, hauling them faster and faster into space and it was all working and by the time they neared the speed needed to orbit Earth they had burned and discarded the rockets first and second stages. .
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And then it happened. . Explosive bolts fired and the saturn-fives giant hold down arms released their grip. We have liftoff, liftoff of Apollo-eight destination moon. Neither neil nor any among the huge assemblage surrounding the launch pad could take their eyes off the enormity of it all: Saturn-five moved. . That largest machine ever created reached for sky, rode on flame and roared, pounded ears, overwhelmed all those watching, slammed crackling thunder into their bodies, fluttered their clothes, rolled their flesh in small yet perfect patterns, and rattled the coins in their pockets. . neil Armstrong suddenly knew he couldnt wait fundraising for the day hed be riding that beautiful son-of-a-bitch. Birds fled from their roost. . Wildlife ran from the stunning and numbing sound. . It pounded and leapt and trampled until it was no longer thunder, pdf no longer roar. . It turned into a series of staccato explosions and now it hurt. . It brought a terrible crackling pain to the ears, assaulted the body, yet exhilarating and worth the beating as the great assemblage stared into the blinding mass of fire.
The launch Control Centers computers worked at the speed of book light checking and rechecking every single part before the most powerful machine ever would be permitted to move. But its sound didnt stay put. Its thunderous roar came to life with Saturn-fives ignition and tore its way across the space center, hammering everything in its way. . The wide launch Control building was no exception. The tsunami of thunder slammed into the nerve centers windows, buckling the big one before neil and crew who for a moment thought theyd bought. . They thought all glass had shattered and they stepped back as newly built ceiling parts fell along with other construction leftovers. But the windows held and neil could easily see the saturn-fives powerful engines were burning even fiercer, demanding they be unleashed, and Jack king reported, All engines running, Three, two, one, zero!
It was the job of the backup commander to monitor the prelaunch sequence from inside the cockpit. . he was there to check and set all switches. When the suited prime crew arrived in the white room, neil shook their hands and retreated to the launch Control Center where business he joined his backup crew, buzz aldrin and Fred haise. . The three staked out great viewing spots along the big window facing the pad and turned their ears to the speakers and the voice of launch commentator Jack king. Ten, nine, eight, seven, six, and the saturn-five was alive. But it didnt go anywhere. . neil knew the giant rocket consisted of millions of parts and systems. .
he liked neils advice. on november 11th, 1968 the new nasa administrator, Thomas paine, approved the plan. . he phoned his decision to the White house, and President Johnson gave his blessing. It was the single greatest gamble in spaceflight then, and since. Every second of time was essential. Apollo-eight was readied for launch December 21, 1968, and neil awoke with the prime crew. . Frank borman, jim lovell, and Bill Anders began suiting up as neil hustled over to the launch pad and climbed aboard the moon bound spacecraft. .
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As they had done with the zond loaded with tortoises, flies, and worms, the russians were now in a position to dispatch a single cosmonaut on a circumlunar flight in December or January. Nasas top executives were in a quandary. . They saw failure before them. . nasa administrator Jim Webb told homework President Lyndon Johnson it was time for America to gamble, to consider putting astronauts on the saturn-five rockets first manned flight, and send them all the way to the moon aboard. Some experts scoffed at the plan. . Most argued for it, and Webb told the outgoing president that it was the consensus of nasa engineers that they had corrected the saturn-fives minor problems and there was no need for an additional unmanned test. . It was time to fly.
America wasted time with a test of the redstone that proved to be useless permitting Yuri gagarin to beat Alan Shepard into space. deke slayton, nasa's director of flight crew operations, and nasas astronauts werent about to see a repeat of that little dog and pony show. . The lunar Module would not be ready for its first flight test for four or five months, but they had a perfectly good Apollo and deke turned to Apollo-eight Commander Frank borman, later saying, The sonofabitch almost turned handsprings when I told him there was. Bormans answer was an overwhelming yes, and then deke told Apollo-eights backup commander, neil Armstrong. Neil assured the boss with the success of Apollo-seven, the idea of sending Apollo-eight to the moon was a masterful stroke of genius. He had been talking to his friends in intelligence and neil told deke, we should not only go, we should put Apollo-eight in orbit around the moon too. . This would kill their plans to fly circumlunar.
Armstrong is a fellow of the society of Experimental Test Pilots and the royal Aeronautical Society; Honorary fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, and the International Astronautics Federation. He is a member of the national Academy of Engineering and the Academy of the kingdom of Morocco. He served as a member of the national Commission on Space (1985-1986 as Vice-Chairman of the Presidential Commission on the Space Shuttle Challenger Accident (1986 and as Chairman of the Presidential Advisory committee for the peace corps (1971-1973). Armstrong has been decorated by 17 countries. He is the recipient of many special honors, including the Presidential Medal of Freedom; the congressional Space medal of Honor; the Explorers Club Medal; the robert.
Goddard Memorial Trophy; the nasa distinguished Service medal; the harmon International aviation Trophy; the royal geographic Society's Gold Medal; the federation Aeronautique internationale's Gold Space medal; the American Astronautical Society Flight Achievement Award; the robert. Collier Trophy; the aiaa astronautics Award; the Octave chanute Award; and the john. Credit: Thomas Dunne books, excerpted with permission from, neil Armstrong: a life of Flight, by jay barbree. Available from Thomas Dunne books. A thorAgena rocket rose from Californias Vandenberg Air Force base carrying another photoreconnaissance spy on its mission of keeping watch on what was happening at Russias launch site. . Come the following morning, analysts were looking at another soviet heavy-lift Proton rocket sitting on its launch pad. . It was waiting to be outfitted with a zond spacecraft.
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He was assigned as command pilot for the gemini 8 mission. Gemini 8 was launched on margaret March 16, 1966, and Armstrong performed the first successful docking of two vehicles in space. As spacecraft commander for Apollo 11, the first manned lunar landing mission, Armstrong gained the distinction of being the first man to land a craft on the moon and first to step on its surface. Armstrong subsequently held the position of Deputy Associate Administrator for Aeronautics, nasa headquarters, washington,. In this position, he was responsible for the coordination and management of overall nasa research and technology work related to aeronautics. He was Professor of Aerospace Engineering supermarket at the University of Cincinnati between. During the years, armstrong was chairman of Computing Technologies for aviation, Inc., Charlottesville,. He received a bachelor of Science degree in Aeronautical Engineering from Purdue university and a master of Science in Aerospace Engineering from the University of southern California. He holds honorary doctorates from a number of universities.
Armstrong, the first man to walk on the moon, was born in Wapakoneta, ohio, on August 5, 1930. He began his nasa career in Ohio. After serving as a naval aviator from 1949 to 1952, Armstrong joined the national Advisory committee for Aeronautics (naca) in 1955. His first assignment was with the naca lewis Research Center (now nasa glenn) in Cleveland. Over the next 17 years, he was an engineer, test pilot, astronaut and administrator for naca and its business successor agency, the national Aeronautics and Space Administration (nasa). As a research pilot at nasa's Flight Research Center, Edwards, calif., he was a project pilot on many pioneering high speed aircraft, including the well known, 4000-mph X-15. He has flown over 200 different models of aircraft, including jets, rockets, helicopters and gliders. Armstrong transferred to astronaut status in 1962.
he was just doing his job. He served his Nation proudly, as a navy fighter pilot, test pilot, and astronaut. He also found success back home in his native ohio in business and academia, and became a community leader in Cincinnati. He remained an advocate of aviation and exploration throughout his life and never lost his boyhood wonder of these pursuits. As much as neil cherished his privacy, he always appreciated the expressions of good will from people around the world and from all walks of life. While we mourn the loss of a very good man, we also celebrate his remarkable life and hope that it serves as an example to young people around the world to work hard to make their dreams come true, to be willing to explore and. For those who may ask what they can do to honor neil, we have a simple request. Honor his example of service, accomplishment and modesty, and the next time you walk outside on a clear night and see the moon smiling down at you, think of neil Armstrong and give him a wink.
Armstrong has said that the phrase was kind of passing around subliminally or in the background of his mind and was not something he really focused. . Solacoff does indicate that Armstrong had other muses, too. The connection between Armstrongs early dreams of flight, a childs game, and an incredible feat for all humanity makes Solacoffs story truly touching. The interview starts around 5:55 minutes into the video, but stick around for the full hour if you can to honor one of Americas greatest. Neil Armstrong, the first man plan to walk on the moon or any other world beyond Earth, died today. The former test pilot and nasa astronaut recently celebrated his 82nd birthday, and underwent heart surgery just weeks ago. He commanded the Apollo 11 spacecraft that landed on the moon on July 20, 1969, and radioed back to earth the historic line, "That's one small step for (a) man, one giant leap for mankind." he walked on the moon for nearly 3 hours with. He died today of complications following his cardiac surgery. That's one giant loss for mankind.
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Nbc reported yesterday that the modest astronaut who became a global hero after taking one small step for a man, one giant essay leap for mankind on the moon in 1969 died yesterday. Neil Armstrong was 82 years old. The mission commander of the Apollo 11 took his historic flight with command module pilot Michael Collins and lunar module pilot buzz aldrin — who tweeted these words after hearing the sad news: i know i am joined by millions of others in mourning neils. Open Culture has published an hour-long bbc documentary about the life and times of the astronaut, which reveals how Armstrong conceived of those famous, poetic words we will always remember him for. Head past the break to find out more. Konstantine solacoff was Armstrongs closest childhood friend, and was even present for the Apollo launch. He told the bbc that Armstrong didnt consider what he was going to say until he was actually on his way to the moon. Armstrong was apparently inspired in part by a boyhood game he used to play with Solacoff, mother may i? — in which children ask if they can take small and giant steps forward.