Respecting his musical contests, see marsyas. Apollo riding swan, Athenian red-figure bell krater C4th. C., British Museum. The god who protects the flocks and cattle (nomios deos, from nomos or nomê, a meadow or pasture land). 766) says, that Apollo reared the swift steeds of Eumelus Pheretiades in pieria, and according to the homeric hymn to hermes (22, 70,.) the herds of the gods fed in pieria under the care of Apollo. At the command of zeus, Apollo guarded the cattle of laomedon in the valleys of mount Ida.
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19 but he had nevertheless the power of communicating the gift of prophecy both to gods and men, and all hindu the ancient seers and prophets are placed in some relationship to him. 3, 471.) The manner in which Apollo came into the possession of the oracle of Delphi (Pytho) is related differently. According to Apollodorus, the oracle had previously been in the possession of Themis, and the dragon Python guarded the mysterious chasm, and Apollo, after having slain the monster, took possession of the oracle. According to hyginus, python himself possessed the oracle; while pausanias (x. 5) states, that it belonged to gaea and Poseidon in common. The god of song and music. We find him in the Iliad (i. 603) delighting the immortal gods with his play on the phorminx during their solitary repast ; and the homeric bards derived their art of song either from Apollo or the muses. 488, with Eustath.) Later traditions ascribed to Apollo even the invention of the flute and lyre (Callim. while the more common tradition was, that he received the lyre from Hermes. 180) makes Apollo build the walls of Troy by playing on the lyre, as Amphion did the walls of Thebes.
1081.) Some modern writers, on the other hand, who consider the power of averting evil to have been the original and principal feature in his character, say that Apollôn,. Apellôn, (from the root pello signifies the god who drives away evil, and is synonymous with alexikakas, Acesius, Acestor, sôtêr, and other names and epithets applied to Apollo. The presentation god who affords help and wards off evil. As he had the power of visiting men with plagues and epidemics, so he was also able to deliver men from them, if duly propitiated, or at least by his oracles to suggest the means by which such calamities could be averted. Various names and epithets which are given to Apollo, especially by later writers, such as akesios, akestôr, alexikakos, sôtêr, apotropaios, epikourios, iatromantis, and others, are descriptive of this power. 3.) It seems to be the idea of his being the god who afforded help, that made him the father of Asclepius, the god of the healing art, and that, at least in later times, identified him with Pacëon, the god of the healing art. The god of prophecy. Apollo exercised this power in his numerous oracles, and especially in that of Delphi. Oraculum ) The source of all his prophetic powers was zeus himself (Apollodorus states, that Apollo received the mantikê from Pan and Apollo is accordingly called "the prophet of his father zeus." (Aeschyl.
457,.) Apollo, though one of the great gods of Olympus, is yet represented in some sort of dependence on zeus, who is regarded as the source of the powers exercised by his son. The powers ascribed to Apollo are apparently of different kinds, but all are connected with one another, and may be said to be only ramifications of one and the same, as will be seen from the following classification. Apollo is -. The god who punishes and destroys ( oulios listing ) the wicked and overbearing, and as such he is described as the god with bow and arrows, the gift of Hephaestus. 15,.) Various epithets given to him in the homeric poems, such as hekatos, hekaergos, hekêbolos, ekatêbolos, klutotoxos, and argurotoxos, refer to him as the god who with his darts hits his object at a distance and never misses. All sudden deaths of men, whether they were regarded as a punishment or a reward, were believed to be the effect of the arrows of Apollo; and with the same arrows he sent the plague into the camp of the Greeks. Hyginus relates, that four days after his birth, Apollo went to mount Parnassus, and there killed the dragon Python, who had pursued his mother during her wanderings, before she reached Delos. He is also said to have assisted zeus in his contest with the giants. 2.) The circumstance of Apollo being the destroyer of the wicked was believed by some of the ancients to have given rise to his name yardage Apollo, which they connected with apollumi, "to destroy." (Aeschyl.
75.) The day of Apollos birth was believed to have been the seventh of the month, whence he is called hebdomagenês. 8.) According to some traditions, he was a seven months child (heptamênaios). The number seven was sacred to the god; on the seventh of every month sacrifices were offered to him (hebdomagetês, aeschyl. and his festivals usually fell on the seventh of a month. Immediately after his birth, Apollo was fed with ambrosia and nectar by Themis, and no sooner had he tasted the divine food, than he sprang up and demanded a lyre and a bow, and declared, that henceforth he would declare to men the will. Delos exulted with joy, and covered herself with golden flowers. Theognis, 5,.; Eurip.
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101) in the sense of "born animal in Lycia which, however, according to others, would only mean "born of or in light." several towns and places claimed the honour of his birth, as we see from various local traditions mentioned by late writers. Thus the Ephesians said that Apollo and Artemis were born in the grove of Ortygia near Ephesus (Tacit. 61 the inhabitants of Tegyra in boeotia and of Zoster in Attica claimed the same honour for themselves. Tegura.) In some of these local traditions Apollo is mentioned alone, and in others together with his sister Artemis. The account of Apollos parentage, too, was not the same in all traditions (Cic.
23 and the Egyptians made out that he was a son of dionysus and Isis. 156.) But the opinion most universally received was, that Apollo, the son of zeus and Leto, was born in the island of Delos, together with his sister Artemis; and the circumstances of his birth there are detailed in the homeric hymn on Apollo, and. 140.) Hera in her jealousy pursued Leto from land to land and from isle to isle, and endeavoured to prevent her finding a resting-place where to give birth. At last, however, she arrived in Delos, where she was kindly received, and after nine days labour study she gave birth to Apollo under a palm or an olive tree at the foot of mount Cynthus. She was assisted by all the goddesses, except Hera and Eileithyia, but the latter too hastened to lend her aid, as soon as she heard what was taking place. The island of Delos, which previous to this event had been unsteady and floating on or buried under the waves of the sea, now became stationary, and was fastened to the roots of the earth.
more his love for the youth hyakinthos (Hyacinthus) who was killed by a discus throw and transformed into a flower. more his love for the nymph Daphne who fled from him and was transformed into a laurel tree. more his love for Koronis (Coronis) who was slain by Artemis for her infidelity. more the murder of the kyklopes (Cyclopes) who had forged the lightning bolt used to destroy his son Asklepios (Asclepius). more his service as bondsman to the mortal Admetos. His struggle with Herakles (Heracles) for the delphic tripod.
The Trojan War in which he brought plague to the Greeks and helped Paris slay akhilleus (Achilles). Apollo pages on m, this site contains a total of 9 pages describing the god, including general descriptions, mythology, and cult. The content is outlined in the Index of Apollo pages (left column or below). Family of apollo parents.1 zeus leto (Hesiod Theogony 918, hesiod Works days 770, homer Iliad.9.495, homer Odyssey.100.318, homeric Hymn 27 to Artemis, Orphic Hymn 35, pindar Nemean Ode 6 8, pindar Processional Song on Delos, callimachus Hymn to Artemis hymn. Hyginus Fabulae 9 140, et al).2 zeus (Innumerable other sources) offspring see family of Apollon Below are two graphics depicting Apollon's family tree, the first with names transliterated from the Greek and the second with the common English spellings:- encyclopedia apollo belvedere, greco-roman marble. D., pio-clementino museum, vatican Museums apollo, one of the great divinities of the Greeks, was, according to homer (. 21, 36 the son of zeus and Leto. 918) states the same, and adds, that Apollos sister was Artemis. Neither of the two poets suggests anything in regard to the birth-place of the god, unless we take lukêgenês (.
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He was depicted as a handsome, beardless youth with long hair and attributes such as a wreath and branch of laurel, bow and quiver of arrows, raven, and lyre. Myths, the most famous myths of Apollon include. His birth on the island of Delos. more the slaying of the serpent Python which guarded the oracular shrine of Delphoi (Delphi). more the slaying of the giant Tityos who business attempted to carry off the god's mother Leto. more the destruction of the niobides whose mother had offended Leto with her boasts. more his music contest with the satyr Marsyas who lost and was flayed alive.
Harvard Graduate School of Business 1974. Amp "Importance of the Observation That Stars Don't Twinkle outside the earth's Atmosphere" (with. The All American boys (Macmillan, 1977; Ibooks, paper 2003 the human side of the space program. Articles for various magazines, technical journals and newspapers). Greek mythology greek gods olympian Gods apollo (Apollon greek name Απολων, transliteration, apollôn, latin Spelling. Apollo, translation, apollo, apollo, athenian red-figure amphora C6th. C., British Museum, apollon (Apollo) was the Olympian god of prophecy and oracles, music, song and poetry, archery, healing, plague and disease, and the protection of the young.
United States, europe and Asia. He is a civic leader, is listed in all major Who's Who publications and is a recipient of numerous national and international honors. Education: University of California at Los Angeles (Physics. S., 1960, with honors;. S., 1961, with distinction. Institute of geophysics And Planetary Sciences, completed work on Doctorate in physics with exception of thesis. Nasa, (Space Sciences and geology 2,0-1971.
Cunningham's last assignment at the johnson Space center was as Chief of the skylab Branch of the fight Crew Directorate. In this capacity he was responsible for the operational inputs for five major pieces of manned space hardware, two different boosters and 65 major on-board experiments that comprised the skylab program. The skylab program also utilized the first manned systems employing arrays for electrical power, molecular sieves for environmental control systems, and inertia storage devices for attitude control systems. He worked as a scientist for the rand corporation prior to joining nasa. While with rand, he worked on classified defense studies and problems of the earth's magnetosphere. Cunningham joined the navy in 1951 and began his flight training in 1952. In 1953 he became a marine corps fighter pilot and served on active duty with the United States Marine corps until parts August 1956 and in the marine corps Reserve program until 1975. His present rank is Colonel, usmcr (Retired). He has accumulated more than 4,500 hours of flying time, including more than 3,400 in jet aircraft and 263 hours in space.
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Walter Cunningham is perhaps best known as America's second civilian astronaut. Video courtesy of, spaceCraft Films, used with permission, right click to stop video. On October 11, 1968, he occupied the lunar module pilot seat for the eleven-day flight of, apollo 7 - the first manned flight test of the third generation United States spacecraft. Schirra,., and Donn. Eisele, cunningham participated in and executed maneuvers enabling the crew to perform exercises in transposition and docking and lunar orbit rendezvous with the. S-ivb stage of their, saturn ib launch vehicle; completed eight successful test and maneuvering ignitions of the service module propulsion engine; measured the accuracy of performance of all spacecraft systems; and provided the first effective television transmission of onboard crew activities. The 263-hour, four-and-a-half entry million mile shakedown flight was successfully concluded on October 22, 1968, with splashdown occurring in the Atlantic - some eight miles from the carrier essex (only 3/10 of a mile from the originally predicted aiming point). Prior to his assignment to the Apollo 7 crew, cunningham was the backup, lunar Module pilot to the crew of Apollo. When the Apollo 1 spacecraft burned up on the pad, killing the entire crew, cunningham, Schirra, and Eisele were assigned to fly the first manned Apollo mission.